The present subjunctive tense of regular verbs is formed by doing these three steps:

  1. Step 1: Conjugate the verb in the present indicative YO form. Example: tener->tengo
  2. Step 2: Drop the final "o" to create the stem: Example: tener->teng-
  3. Step 3: Add the appropriate ending to the stem of the verb:

ar er ir
e emos
es éis
e en
a amos
as áis
a an
a amos
as áis
a an


The present subjunctive is generally used in dependent clauses after main clauses that express a feeling or a desire. A simpler way of thinking about it: there's usually a "trigger" (like "I hope" or "They want") verb in the beginning of the sentence that triggers the subjunctive in the later part of the sentence:

  • I hope that you eat. = Yo espero que comas.
  • They want me to bring a book. = Ellos quieren que yo traiga un libro.
  • The professor likes that I talk Spanish. = Al profesor le gusta que yo hable español.

Got it? Now go practice!